*Weight Watchers® and Points® are registered trademarks of Weight Watchers International, Inc. The number of Points provided here were calculated by Food Facts, Inc. based on published Weight Watchers International, Inc. information and do not imply sponsorship or endorsement of such number of Points, Food Facts, Inc., or the above product by Weight Watchers International, Inc.
Asparagus, whose name stems from a Greek word used to refer to all tender shoots picked and savored while very young, is a member of the Lily family. Asparagus has been cultivated for over 2000 years, starting in the eastern Mediterranean region. Romans as early as 200 BC not only had how-to-grow- directions, but were freezing asparagus to preserve it. Ever since King Louis XIV of France had special greenhouses built so he could enjoy asparagus all year long, it has been called the "Food of Kings."
Asparagus grows in a fairly wide range of climates. In North America alone it is grown from Michigan to Guatemala, however, it thrives in Mediterranean-style regions such as California, Mexico, and its home land, the Mediterranean basin. Wild asparagus is found in diverse places like Wisconsin, Russia, Poland, and England.
California produces 70 to 80 percent of America's asparagus crop, Washington second, followed by Arizona, Oregon, New Jersey, Michigan, and Illinois. The United States imports a huge quantity of asparagus from Mexico, Peru, and Chile, with smaller amounts from Guatemala, Columbia, and Argentina.
Asparagus is an excellent source of vitamin K, essential for blood clotting. It provides a good source of fibre and vitamins A, C, and B.Asparagus is an excellent source of vitamin K, essential for blood clotting. It provides a good source of fibre and vitamins A, C, and B.
Water is the most abundant nutrient in our body and plays an important transmission function in every body cell and tissue. Sixty percent of our body weight is water. The fact that you can live without food for a long period of time, even months, but live only for a few days without water is true. Under normal conditions, the body releases about one quart of water daily. Therefore, replacement to equal the losses is very important for survival.
Dehydration is the most common problem of water imbalance due to water losses and deprivation. The effects of dehydration on nutrition can adversely affect ones health. Dehydration is the major cause of ones diminished ability to perform during endurance activities. Body water is lost through the stomach, respiration, sweat, and the kidneys. It is recomended that 24oz of water a day should be taken. This amount can double or even triple with endurance type exercise.
A note about water: More and more evidence shows the benifit of being well hydrated.
Studies show that 75% of Americans are chronically dehydrated (likely applies to half the world's population), leading to possible health problems such as fatigue. In 37% of Americans, the thirst mechanism is so weak that it is often mistaken for hunger, leading to over-eating. Even MILD dehydration will slow down one's metabolism as much as 3%.
Bottled Water: Some types of bottled water are not subject to the same regulations as tap water. These are regulated as food products, and their regulations are largely related to sanitary food handling and processing practices. Bottled water manufacturers will provide a detailed report on the quality of their product to consumers who call to request it.
Salt is one of the most ubiquitous food ingredients around. Those who think of salt only as something used to perk up flavor might wonder what could possibly give this ingredient the level of importance it has gained through the ages. In reality, there is much more to this crystalline cube than first meets the eye.
Besides enhancing taste, salt has several other functions in food products. It acts as an antimicrobial or microbiological control agent. It contributes to certain chemical reactions that create a wide variety of food characteristics.
Sometimes the terms "salt" and "sodium" are used interchangeably, but technically this is not correct. "Salt" is sodium chloride. By weight, it is 40 percent sodium and 60 percent chloride.
Most foods and tap water contain sodium and chloride. Sodium is an essential nutrient, a mineral that the body cannot manufacture itself.
Because of sodium's importance to your body, the excretory and nervous systems guard against under-consumption of salt, which is a threat to your body's nerves and muscles. Other ions such as calcium, magnesium, and potassium are also very important. Concentrations of these ions are held in narrow ranges by the kidney.
The association between eating salt and the risk of blood pressure increasing is difficult to quantify. Some people are sensitive to changes in salt intake whereas others can adjust so that blood pressure does not rise at all.
Americans typically consume 4,000-8,000 mg each day, well above their daily needs. A goal for moderation for all adults, (including pregnancy and lactation) is approximately 2,400 mg of sodium per day.
Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) is used in foods as a flavor enhancer while not providing their own separate flavor. The white crystalline powder is derived from glutamic acid, one of the 22 essential amino acids. Glutamic acid is present in seaweed, vegetables, cereal gluten, but MSG is not found naturally by itself. The Federal Drug Administration recognizes MSG to be Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS). Consuming MSG Is not a health hazard to the individual, but some may exhibit allergic reactions due to hypersensitivity. Symptoms are temporary but may include a burning sensation, facial pressure, headache, nausea or chest pains.
Chicken fat is most commonly used as an ingredient in dog and cat food. It is a by-product of the poultry industries. It is the most digestable animal fat source available, with high levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids and linoleic (omega-6) acid. It is controversial as a food product because it is obtained from chicken rendering and processing. Chicken fat has uneven quality and is used in soaps or as filler in pet foods or human food. Currently, chicken fat is being researched as an alternative energy source. By converting chicken fat into biodiesel, motor vehicles can use chicken fat as a renewable energy source.
"Chicken Soup for the Pet Lover's Soul : Products : Ingredients." Chicken Soup for the Pet Lover's Soul Brand Pet Foods. Diamond Pet Lovers, 2011. Web. 17 May 2011. .
"Converting Chicken Fat to Biodiesel." E85 | Ethanol Gasoline Blend. Whipnet Technologies, 2011. Web. 17 May 2011.
An expensive flavor enhancer usually used with the cheaper Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) alternative. Disodium 5-inosinate, or E631, comes from the nucleotide Inosine monophosphate (IMP) commonly found in mushrooms and meats. Nucleotides are information-carrying molecules (seen in DNA) and help with the bodys metabolic processes. It is produced by microbial fermentation in vegetables and put in tapioca starch to make it a powder form. It is approved by the Food and Drug Administration but like MSG, is associated with certain allergic reactions after consumption. See Monosodium Glutamate.
"Disodium Inosinate Side Effects." Free Article Catalogue. 30 Mar. 2011. Web. 16 May 2011. .
Yacoubou, Jeanne. "The Vegetarian Resource Group Blog." The Vegetarian Resource Group (VRG). 21 Mar. 2011. Web. 16 May 2011. .
Disodium Guanylate, or E628, is a flavor enhancer similar to Monosodium Glutamate (MSG) and Disodium Inosinate but more effective. It is about 50 to 100 times more potent than MSG. Disodium 5-guanylate is made from yeast ribonucleic acid, similar to genetic material. The savory taste of food becomes more developed without the disodium guanylate providing its own flavor. . It is produced by microbial fermentation in vegetables and put in tapioca starch to make it a powder form. It is approved by the Food and Drug Administration but like MSG, is associated with certain allergic reactions after consumption. See Monosodium Glutamate.
"DISODIUM GUANYLATE - OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY." Food Science, Cultural Foods, Glossary, Training, Education Food Resource [http://food.oregonstate.edu/], Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR. Web. 16 May 2011. .
"The Vegetarian Resource Group Blog." The Vegetarian Resource Group (VRG). 21 Mar. 2011. Web. 16 May 2011. .
Autolyzed yeast extract is a substance that results when yeast is broken down into its constituent components. It contains some free glutamic acid, which is the chemical in MSG that triggers reactions in MSG sensitive people. It is used as a less expensive substitute for MSG, leading some health and consumer advocates to object to its use in foods. As with MSG, the industry claims that yeast extract is a natural substance with no harmful effects, and opponents claim it causes a variety of health problems.
Autolyzed yeast extract is naturally produced by growing, harvesting, and concentrating yeast cells. The yeast self-digests (autolyzes), breaking down the cell walls, and creates a savory base used to formulate a multitude of different flavors.
Autolyzed yeast (containing the cell walls) or autolyzed yeast extract consists of concentrations of yeast cells that are allowed to die and break up, so that the yeasts endogenous digestive enzymes break their proteins down into simpler compounds (amino acids and peptides).
Yeast autolysates are used in Vegemite (Australia), Marmite, Promite, Oxo (New Zealand, South Africa, United Kingdom, and Republic of Ireland), Cenovis (Switzerland) and Vitam-R (Germany). Bovril (United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland) switched from beef extract to yeast extract for 2005 and most of 2006, but later switched back.
The general method for making yeast extract for food products such as Vegemite and Marmite on a commercial scale is to add sodium chloride (salt) to a suspension of yeast, making the solution hypertonic, which leads to the cells shrivelling up; this triggers autolysis, in which the yeast self-destructs. The dying yeast cells are then heated to complete their breakdown, after which the husks (yeast with thick cell walls) are separated. Removing the cell walls concentrates the flavors and changes the texture.
Hydrolyzed soy protein is a highly processed soy byproduct that is used as a flavor enhancer. The hydrolysis method is done by boiling the soy in acid and neutralizing it with caustic soda. The residue after the process is finished is soy protein and excitotoxic amino acids such as glutamate. See Monosodium Glutamate (MSG). Because of the amount of glutamate in the hydrolyzed soy protein, manufacturers use it exactly as MSG but are not required to put MSG under their labeling. Hydrolyzed soy protein is also used in cosmetics and personal care products such as hair conditioner, hair dyes, lotion, skin care products, and mascara. In addition, it can also be a component in paper and paper board. People with soy allergies must be careful with the labeling because it is the proteins in the soy that they are intolerant of. Their bodies do not recognize the soy protein as safe and will result in the production of histamine. Histamine is the main hormone released as an inflammatory response. The allergic reaction will trigger inflammation of soft tissue such as lungs and sinuses. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has considered soy protein as an indirect food additive and is Generally Recognized As Safe (GRAS).
COSMETICSINFO.ORG - Your Source for Safety Information about Cosmetics and Personal Care Products. Web. 17 May 2011
Marks, Diane. "Hydrolyzed Soy Protein And Allergies | LIVESTRONG.COM." LIVESTRONG.COM - Lose Weight & Get Fit with Diet, Nutrition &
Basic Facts: Cream has a very high fat content of between 18 and 40 percent butterfat compared to around 3.25 percent in whole milk. The rich, yellow color associated with cream comes from the carotene in the fat. The type of cream is determined by its fat content.
· Half-and half is a combination of milk and cream with a butterfat content of about 11 percent.
· Light cream has between 18 and 30 percent butterfat and may be called coffee or table cream.
· Light whipping cream has between 30 and 36 percent butterfat and can be whipped into solid form, although it tends to be less stable than heavy whipping cream.
· Heavy cream or whipping cream contains 36 to 40 percent butterfat.
· Pressurized whipped cream is sold in aerosol cans and is made from a mixture of cream, sugar and chemical stabilizers.
· Sour cream is made by adding a lactic acid culture to sweet cream. Sour cream usually contains between 18 and 20 percent butterfat.
· Reduced-fat sour cream has skim milk added to lower the fat content.
Storage: Store cream at 40 ° F or below in its original container in the refrigerator. Do not leave cream at room temperature, and do not mix warm cream with cream that has been kept refrigerated. Use fresh, pasteurized cream within one to five days of the "sell-by" date.
Silicon Dioxide is primarily used to prevent caking. Add less than 2% by weight. considered safe
A mineral that keeps salt and seasoning blends from clotting, clumping or foaming
Tri Calcium Phosphate
Tricalcium Phosphate is widely used as a supplement of phosphorus(P) and calcium
Also called corn sugar and grape sugar, dextrose is a naturally occurring form of GLUCOSE.
GLUCOSE: The most common form of this sugar is dextroglucose, a naturally occurring form commonly referred to as DEXTROSE (also called corn sugar and grape sugar). This form of glucose has many sources including grape juice, certain vegetables and honey. It has about half the sweetening power of regular sugar. Because it doesn't crystallize easily, it's used to make commercial candies and frostings, as well as in baked goods, soft drinks and other processed foods. Corn syrup is a form of glucose made from cornstarch.
Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda)
Also known as bicarbonate of soda, baking soda is used as a LEAVENER in baked goods. When combined with an acid ingredient such as buttermilk, yogurt or molasses, baking soda produces carbon dioxide gas bubbles, thereby causing a dough or batter to rise. Because it reacts immediately when moistened, it should always be mixed with the other dry ingredients before adding any liquid; the resulting batter should be placed in the oven immediately. At one time, baking soda was used in the cooking water of green vegetables to preserve their color. That practice was discontinued, however, when it was discovered that baking soda destroys the vitamin C content of vegetables.
Baking Soda, or sodium bicarbonate, is a naturally occurring substance that is present in all living things--it helps living things maintain the pH balance necessary for life. Baking Soda is made from soda ash, also known as sodium carbonate. The soda ash is obtained in one of two ways: it can be manufactured by passing carbon dioxide and ammonia through a concentrated solution of sodium chloride (table salt). Whether the soda ash is mined or processed, it is dissolved into a solution through which carbon dioxide is bubbled, and sodium bicarbonate precipitates out, forming Baking Soda
Iodised salt (also spelled iodized salt) is table salt mixed with a minute amount of one of four Iodine-containing salts of Hydriodic acid or Iodic acid: potassium iodate or potassium iodide, and sodium iodate or sodium iodide. It is used to prevent and remedy iodine deficiency. Worldwide, iodine deficiency affects about two billion people and is the leading preventable cause of mental retardation. It also causes thyroid gland problems, specifically endemic goiter. In many countries, iodine deficiency is a major public health problem that can be cheaply addressed by iodisation of salt.
Iodine is a micronutrient that is naturally present in the food supply in many regions. However, where natural levels of iodine in the soil are low and the iodine is not taken up by vegetables, iodine added to salt provides the small but essential amount needed by humans.
Edible salt can be iodised by spraying it with a potassium iodate solution. Two ounces of potassium iodate, costing about USD$1.15, are required to iodise a ton of salt. Salt is an effective vehicle for distributing iodine to the public because it does not spoil and is consumed by everyone in the population, in fairly predictable amounts.
Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. and its varieties) is a popular herb known for its flavorful foliage. The fresh or dried leaves add a distinctive flavor to many foods, such as Italian style tomato sauces, pesto sauce and salad dressing. The essential oils and oleo-resins may be extracted from leaves and flowers and used for flavoring in liqueurs and for fragrance in perfumes and soaps.
Varieties - Many types of basil are available, depending on use. For fresh market production, select a basil with good flavor and attractive, dark green or purple foliage. Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is the culinary classic. Italian, Lettuce Leaf and Opal are popular sweet basil varieties. Scented basils, such as Lemon, Licorice and Cinnamon basil, are used fresh or dried in potpourri, jellies, honeys, vinegars and baked goods. For production of dried leaves or essential oils, French, American or Egyptian basil may be grown. There are also several ornamental type basils.
Keep track of the ingredients and foods you want to avoid. You’ll be able to see the products that contain them and know for certain that you’re not including them in your diet. An invaluable addition to your healthy eating efforts!