Yellow 5 Aluminum Lake
Tartrazine (also known as "FD&C Yellow Number 5" or "E-102" in Europe) is a coal-tar derivative that is used to color foods, cosmetics, and other products. It is literally industrial waste. Tartrazine is also reputed to be a catalyst in hyperactivity/ADD, other behavioral problems, asthma, migranes, thyroid cancer, and lupus. With many children are being diagnosed as "hyperactive" these days. There is research that shows there could be a link (and that dietary changes can help.) Many of the children on Ritalin or other behavioral drugs may be eating a diet rich in harmful food additives that are approved by the government as safe. Some schools have noticed a major difference in pupils' behavior after banning snacks with tartrazine. E102 Tartrazine. Tartrazine appears to cause the most allergic and or intolerance reactions of all the azo dyes, particularly amongst those with an aspirin intolerance and asthmatics. Other reactions can include migraine, blurred vision, itching, rhinitis and purple skin patches, (because of this more use is now being made of Annatto (E160b). In conjunction with Benzoic acid (E210) tartrazine appears to create an over-activity in children. Tartrazine is a synthetic yellow azo dye found in fruit squash, fruit cordial, coloured fizzy drinks, instant puddings, cake mixes, custard powder, soups, sauces, ice cream, ice lollies, sweets, chewing gum, marzipan, jam, jelly, marmalade, mustard, yoghurt and many convenience foods together with glycerine, lemon and honey products. It can also be found in the shells of medicinal capsules. It can also be used with Brilliant Blue FCF, (E133) to produce various green shades e.g. for tinned processed peas.The Hyperactive Childrens Support Group belive that a link exists between this additive and hyperactive behavioural disorders in children. Source:http://www.ukfoodguide.net/index.htm Ref: Center for science in the public interest (http://www.cspinet.org/reports/chemcuisine.htm#Alphabetical) Some people are sensitive to yellow #5, and their reactions to it are severe enough that prescription medicines that contain it must be labeled specially. None of the other certified dyes have this special requirement. The manufacturer doesn't want the color to run off if the pill gets a little wet. The answer is to use a dye in a lake form. A lake is a solid, non water soluble form of a dye. It's produced by mixing the dye with Aluminum Hydroxide. By itself Aluminum Hydroxide is a safe food ingredient and it's often sold as an antacid. When combined with Dye, the chemicals form a deep powder that can be applied to the outsides of tablets, gumballs and other solids. You may also notice this form listed in the ingredients as "Aluminum Lake"