ingredient information
Vegetables Shortening Partially Hydrogenated
Vegetable(s) Shortening Partially Hydrogenated Vegetable shortening is typically composed of a blend of soybean and cottonseed oil. Shortening is a neutral flavored solid fat at room temperature. Partially hydrogenated vegetable shortening is commonly used in frying, baking, or in some cases coffee whitening. Partial hydrogenation of the vegetable oil allows the oil to take on a stiffer texture because of the hydrogen gas being pumped into the oil to weaken the hydrogen bonds in the structure. Partially hydrogenation of the oil is therefore unhealthier to the consumer because of its unnatural use of hydrogenation which forms trans-fats that the body cannot breakdown. Trans-fats are solid fats produced from oil by unnatural methods and interfere with metabolic processes such as increasing LDL or “bad cholesterol.� Partially hydrogenated oils and shortenings have a tendency to be used by food companies because of its cheapness, stability, improved texture, and ability to oxidize to provide a longer shelf life. Partial hydrogenation increases bad trans and saturated fats and lowers the amount of good fats. Many of the essential fatty acids, antioxidants, and other positive components of the oil are lost through this process. "ADM: Partially Hydrogenated Vegetable Oils." ADM: Home. Archer Daniels Midland Company, 2011. Web. 17 May 2011. . Ginn, Phillip. “How is Vegetable Shortening Made?� eHow: Food & Drink. Web. 17 May 2011. . Smith, S. E. "What Is Hydrogenated Oil?" WiseGEEK: Clear Answers for Common Questions. 5 Apr. 2011. Web. 17 May 2011. . Vegetable shortening is a solid vegetable fat sometimes used in place of, or in combination with, butter. In baked goods, it is used to "shorten" the flour-that is, to make it flaky and tender A word about "Partially Hydrogenated" Oils: It is now known that the process of hydrogenation creates "trans fatty acids" (TFAs), which are toxic entities that enter cell membranes, block utilization of essential fatty acids (EFAs) and impede cell functionality. TFAs also cause a rise in blood cholesterol. These substances are not present in natural oils. Trans fat, which is also called hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated vegetable oil. Trans fat is found in margarine and shortening and foods -- such as cookies, crackers and other commercially baked goods -- made with these ingredients. Trans fat raises LDL cholesterol and lowers high-density lipoprotein (HDL), the "good" cholesterol. Hydrolyzed: A protein obtained from various foods (like soybeans, corn or wheat), then broken down into amino acids by a chemical process called acid hydrolysis. Hydrolyzed plant or vegetable protein is used as a flavor enhancer in numerous processed foods like soups, chilis, sauces, stews and some meat products like frankfurters. Hydrolyzation of protein inevitably creates some (processed) free glutamic acid (MSG). Manufacturers are acutely aware that many consumers would prefer not to have MSG in their food. Some manufacturers have responded by using "clean labels," i.e., labels that contain only ingredient names they think consumers will not recognize as containing MSG -- names such as "hydrolyzed soy protein." Others advertise "No MSG," "No MSG Added," or "No Added MSG," even though their products contain MSG ref: source: