Triticale is the stabilized hybrid of wheat (Triticum) and rye (Secale). Poland, Germany, China, and France account for nearly 90 percent of world triticale production. Globally, triticale is used primarily for livestock feed. In Mexico, which grows the crop, triticale is used mostly for whole-grain tricale breads and tortillas. In the US, triticale is harvested mostly for forage, but there is a small market for pancake mixes and crackers due to a savory, nutty flavor. Ethanol plants will pay a premium for triticale over barley since it has more starch and no hull, making alcohol production more efficient. Although wheat-rye hybrids date back to 1875, it was only in 1953 that the first North American triticale breeding program was initiated, at the University of Manitoba.