ingredient information
Sour Cream Dried
Sour cream has long been a traditional ingredient in Eastern European cooking, and is an important ingredient in Hungarian cooking. It gives the pleasant tang to a great many dishes and has gained popularity in the rest of Europe, North America, and other parts of the world in the past 50 years or so. Traditionally made by letting fresh cream sour nowadays, commercially produced sour cream is made by adding bacteria cultures to cream , allowing the bacteria grow until the cream is both soured and thick, and then pasteurising it to stop the process. By definition, sour cream must contain at least 18% milk fat by weight. Sour cream is widely used in dips, spreads, sauces, cakes, soufflés, in savoury dishes such as beef stroganoff and Hungarian goulash and of course, to top baked potatoes and whilst it is rather rich in taste, it is actually lower in calories than comparable amounts of salad oils and most salad dressings. Refrigerated in the original unopened package, the shelf life of sour cream is about four weeks. After opening it will keep for up to 7 days. Should separation occur, just stir to regain a smooth consistency. Freezing is not recommended. Sour cream cannot be made at home with pasteurized cream due to the lack of natural bacteria which will cause the cream to spoil instead of sour. Source: Drying of Bioproducts is a mass transfer process resulting in the removal of water moisture or moisture from another solvent, by evaporation from a solid, semi-solid or liquid (hereafter product) to end in a solid state. To achieve this, there must be a source of heat, and a sink of the vapor thus produced. In bioproducts (food, grains, vaccines), and pharmaceuticals, the solvent to be removed is almost invariably water In the most case, a gas stream, e.g., air, applies the heat by convection and carries away the vapor as humidity. Other possibilities are vacuum drying, where heat is supplied by contact conduction or radiation (or microwaves) while the produced vapor is removed by the vacuum system. Another indirect technique is drum drying, where a heated surface is used to provide the energy and aspirators draw the vapor outside the drum. Freeze drying or lyophilization is a drying method where the solvent is frozen prior to drying and is then sublimed, i.e., passed to the gas phase directly from the solid phase, below the melting point of the solvent. Freeze drying is often carried out under high vacuum to allow drying to proceed at a reasonable rate. This process avoids collapse of the solid structure, leading to a low density, highly porous product, able to regain the solvent quickly. In biological materials or foods, freeze drying is regarded as one of the best if not the best method to retain the initial properties. It was first used industrially to produce dehydrated vaccines, and to bring dehydrated blood to assist war casualties. Now freeze drying is increasingly used to preserve some foods, especially for backpackers going to remote areas. The method may keep protein quality intact, the same as the activity of vitamins and bioactive compounds. In turn, the mechanical extraction of the solvent, e.g., water, by centrifugation, is not considered "drying". The ubiquitous term dehydration may mean drying of water-containing products as foods, but its meaning is more vague, as it is also applied for water removal by osmotic drive from a salt or sugar solution. In medicine, dehydration is the situation by which a person loses water by respiration, sweating and evaporation and does not incorporate, for whatever reason, the "make-up" water required to keep the normal physiological behavior of the body. There is very extensive technical literature on this subject, including several major textbooks and a dedicated scientific journal (Drying Technology