ingredient information
Peppers Chili Red
Peppers are seed pods and can be red, green, yellow, orange, white or purple. Green and red peppers grow on the same plant, it’s just that a red pepper is a ripe green one. Yellow, orange, white and purple are different varieties. Red and green peppers are by far the most commonly found peppers, although yellow peppers are also becoming widely available. Peppers are high in vitamin C and supply vitamin A, potassium and some B group vitamins. Although most chili peppers are indigenous to South America, they are used and grown around the world. Hot peppers are used in abundance in Mexican, South American, Indonesian, African and Oriental cooking, while the milder peppers are common in European and North American recipes. And, peppers have been cultivated for thousands of years for their medicinal properties, known for lowering blood pressure and cholesterol, in addition to their culinary purposes. The Scoville Unit rating of a pepper is determined by a dilution taste test. Pure ground chili peppers are blended with a sugar-water solution. A panel of testers sips the mixture in increasingly diluted concentrations until it no longer burns the mouth. The Scoville Unit number is based on how much the ground chili needs to be diluted before no heat is detected. (Nowadays, liquid chromatography, rather than Scoville's dilution taste test, is used to evaluate the heat of chili peppers.)