ingredient information
Palm Kernel Oil Partially Hydrogenated
Palm Kernel Oil Partially Hydrogenated Palm kernel oil comes from the seed of the oil palm. It is primarily used in tropical regions like southeast Asia and central Africa. The color of palm kernel oil is deep red and it is high in saturated fat, thus giving it its semisolid structure. Partially hydrogenated vegetable oil is commonly used in frying, baking, or in some cases coffee whitening. Usually fats like margarine, shortening, or other baked or fried foods contain partially hydrogenated vegetable oil Partial hydrogenation of the vegetable oil allows the oil to take on a stiffer texture because of the hydrogen gas being pumped into the oil to weaken the hydrogen bonds in the structure. Partially hydrogenation of oil is therefore unhealthier to the consumer because of its unnatural use of hydrogenation which forms trans-fats that the body cannot breakdown. Trans-fats are solid fats produced from oil by unnatural methods and interfere with metabolic processes such as increasing LDL or “bad cholesterol.� Partially hydrogenated oils have a tendency to be used by food companies because of its cheapness, stability, improved texture, and ability to oxidize to provide a longer shelf life. Partially hydrogenating the oil increases bad trans and saturated fats and lowers the amount of good fats. Many of the essential fatty acids, antioxidants, and other positive components of the oil are lost through this process. "ADM: Partially Hydrogenated Vegetable Oils." ADM: Home. Archer Daniels Midland Company, 2011. Web. 17 May 2011. . Robinson, Allen. “Palm Kernel Oil Nutrition.� 04 May 2010. Web. 17 May 2011. . Smith, S. E. "What Is Hydrogenated Oil?" WiseGEEK: Clear Answers for Common Questions. 5 Apr. 2011. Web. 17 May 2011. . Palm oil is obtained from the flesh of the fruit and probably formed part of the food supply of the indigenous populations long before recorded history. It may also have been traded overland, since archaeological evidence indicates that palm oil was most likely available in ancient Egypt. The orange oil taken from the pulp of the fruit of the African palm. It's extremely high in saturated fat (over 75%) and has a distinctive flavor that is popular in West African and South American cooking. Palm-kernel oil, is a different oil extracted from the nut or kernel of palms. It's a yellowish color and has a pleasantly mild flavor. Palm-kernel oil is used in the making of margarine and some cosmetics. It's mostly listed on labels simply as "palm oil." A word about "Partially Hydrogenated" Oils: It is now known that the process of hydrogenation creates "trans fatty acids" (TFAs), which are toxic entities that enter cell membranes, block utilization of essential fatty acids (EFAs) and impede cell functionality. TFAs also cause a rise in blood cholesterol. These substances are not present in natural oils. Trans fat, which is also called hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated vegetable oil. Trans fat is found in margarine and shortening and foods -- such as cookies, crackers and other commercially baked goods -- made with these ingredients. Trans fat raises LDL cholesterol and lowers high-density lipoprotein (HDL), the "good" cholesterol. Hydrolyzed: A protein obtained from various foods (like soybeans, corn or wheat), then broken down into amino acids by a chemical process called acid hydrolysis. Hydrolyzed plant or vegetable protein is used as a flavor enhancer in numerous processed foods like soups, chilis, sauces, stews and some meat products like frankfurters. Hydrolyzation of protein inevitably creates some (processed) free glutamic acid (MSG). Manufacturers are acutely aware that many consumers would prefer not to have MSG in their food. Some manufacturers have responded by using "clean labels," i.e., labels that contain only ingredient names they think consumers will not recognize as containing MSG -- names such as "hydrolyzed soy protein." Others advertise "No MSG," "No MSG Added," or "No Added MSG," even though their products contain MSG ref: source: