ingredient information
Manioc Starch Modified
Cassava, yuca, or manioc (Manihot esculenta) is a woody shrub of the Euphorbiaceae (spurge family) native to South America that is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Cassava is the third[1] largest source of carbohydrates for human food in the world, with Africa its largest center of production. The flour made of the roots is called tapioca. [2] Cassava is classified as "sweet" or "bitter" depending on the level of toxic cyanogenic glucosides. Improper preparation of bitter cassava leads to a large number of cases of a disease called konzo. Nevertheless, farmers often prefer the bitter varieties because they deter pests, animals, and thieves.[4]. The name "cassava" is sometimes spelled cassaba or cassada. [3]. In English language publications, the plant may be occasionally called by local names, such as yuca (most of Spanish-speaking Americas), mandioca, aipim, or macaxera (Brazil), kassav (Haiti), mandi´o (Paraguay), akpu or ugburu (Nigeria),bankye(Twi-Speaking Ghana), mogo or mihogo (Swahili-speaking Africa), kappa (India), maniok (Sri Lanka), singkong (Indonesia), ubi kayu (Malaysia), kamoteng kahoy or balanghoy (Philippines), mushu (China), c? s?n or khoai mì (Vietnam), manioke or manioca (Polynesia) [4]. Starch or amylum is a polysaccharide carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined together by glycosidic bonds. Starch is produced by all green plants as an energy store and is a major food source for humans. Pure starch is a white, tasteless and odorless powder that is insoluble in cold water or alcohol. It consists of two types of molecules: the linear and helical amylose and the branched amylopectin. Depending on the plant, starch generally contains 20 to 25% amylose and 75 to 80% amylopectin.[1] Glycogen, the glucose store of animals, is a more branched version of amylopectin. Starch can be used as a thickening, stiffening or gluing agent when dissolved in warm water, giving wheatpaste.