ingredient information
Choline Chloride
It is one the vitamins in vitamin B group, and is an important composition of lecithinum, acethlcholine and neurophospholipid in biological tissues Choline chloride is a member of the B-complex group of water-soluble vitamins (vitamin B-4). It is used as an animal feed additive, especially for poultry and swine, to increase growth, reduce mortality rate, increase feed efficiency, increase egg production, and improve meat quality. It is not a substitute for any other feed supplement and has no direct substitutes itself. Choline plays many roles in the body. The three major metabolic functions of choline are as a precursor for phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis, as a precursor for acetylcholine biosynthesis and as a methyl donor. In addition to serving as a precursor for phosphatidylcholine, choline is the precursor of the phospholipid sphingomyelin. Phosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin are structural components of biological membranes. These phospholipids also serve as precursors for the intracellular messengers ceramide and diacylglycerol. Choline is also the precursor of the signaling lipids, platelet-activating factor (PAF) and sphingosylphosphoryl-choline. Increased choline intake has recently been recommended by the Food and Nutrition Board of the National Academy of Sciences for pregnant and nursing women to help ensure normal fetal brain development. And, like phosphatidylcholine (see Phosphatidylcholine), choline may be helpful in some liver diseases, manic conditions, cognitive disorders, tardive dyskinesia and, possibly, some cancers. Source: