Caramel (pronounced /'kÃ¦r??m?l/ or /'k?rm?l/ refers to a range of confections that are beige to dark brown and derived from the caramelization of sugar. Caramel is often made when cooking sweets. It can provide the flavor in puddings and desserts, a filling in candies or chocolates, or a topping for ice cream and custards. Caramel is made by heating sugar slowly to around 170 Â°C (340 Â°F). As the sugar melts and approaches this temperature, the molecules break down and re-form into compounds with a characteristic caramel color and flavor. A variety of candies, confections, and desserts are made with caramel and its products: caramel apples, barley sugar, caramel with nuts (such as praline, nougat, or brittle), and caramel with custard (such as crÃ¨me caramel or crÃ¨me brÃ»lÃ©e). A powder is a dry, bulk solid composed of a large number of very fine particles that may flow freely when shaken or tilted. Powders are a special sub-class of granular materials, although the terms powder and granular are sometimes used to distinguish separate classes of material. In particular, powders refer to those granular materials that have the finer grain sizes, and that therefore have a greater tendency to form clumps when flowing. Granulars refers to the coarser granular materials that do not tend to form clumps except when wet.