ingredient information
Berries Wild Organic
There are 23 species of native plants, mostly shrubs, which produce a berry or berry-like fruit. Salmonberry Rubus spectabilis Edible. Fruits late May through July, ripe berries, orange to salmon color, pull off easily. Tall bush 6-8 feet, leaves alternate, leaflets typically in 3, bark with scattered thin prickles, older bark brown and shredding. Common. Found in semi-shaded areas such as along the roads. Local native Americas found the new shoots of this in spring were considered a welcome break from winters food. Thimbleberry Rubus parviflorus Edible. Fruits July. Dome shaped berries, red when ripe, pull off a core. Mushy, do not keep well, better for jams and sauce than eating. Bush 3-6 feet tall, forming thickets, leaves soft, large and maple-like. Common, found in clearings, along road edges. Black Cap Raspberry Rubus leucodermis Edible. Fruits July-August. Ripe when deep red or black, pull off a central core. Plant usually single or few stems, white with curved, flat thorns. Leaves in 3, alternate similar to salmonberry and blackberries. Uncommon. Found in scattered locations that get sunshine, Trailing Blackberry Rubus ursinus Edible. Berries large and juicy, black when ripe. Late July-Sept. Plant large vines, often climbing over other plants, with stout thorns. leaves alternate in 3s- sometimes 5's. Uncommon. Found in a few locations in Sharingwood, several along road at entrance. This is an aggressive and invasive weedy shrub, often forming large, dense, impenetrable thickets in areas with enough sun. Salal Gaultheria shallon Edible. Berries purplish-black, in groups on their own small stem. Late July-Sept. Plant has thick leathery leaves, usually forming dense thickets. Uncommon. Found primarily on Pirate Island, and a few other locations scattered around Sharingwood. This plant was a primary winter food for the coastal tribal peoples, who gathered them in large baskets then pressed and dried them in 3 foot long cakes. Oregon Grape Mahonia nervosa Edible. Berries Powder blue, in groups. Late May-July. Plant low, leathery leaves with many sharp points, holly-like. Common. Found in areas with abundant sun, big island, pirate island, east woods. The roots of this plant make a strong yellow dye. Red Huckleberry Vaccinium parvifolium Edible. Berries small and red, tart. Late June-Sept. Plant typically grows on stumps or other decaying wood, green angular stems. Indian Plum Oemleria cerasiformis Edible. Berries powder blue-black when ripe, hanging in clusters. Late May-June. Plant has alternate leaves, 4 times longer than wide, broadest toward end. Grows in mixed sunny areas. Uncommon outside of housing area, found in scattered locations mostly along swamp and east forest. This is the first shrub to flower in spring, male and females on different plants. Black Gooseberry Ribes lacustre Edible. Berries dark purple-black, shiny, usually in clusters. July. Plant typically low and sprawling, densely spiny with larger thorns where leaves join stem. Rare. In scattered locations with enough sun. Organic food is produced by farmers who emphasize the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance environmental quality for future generations. Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics or growth hormones. Organic food is produced without using most conventional pesticides; fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge; bioengineering; or ionizing radiation. Before a product can be labeled "organic," a Government-approved certifier inspects the farm where the food is grown to make sure the farmer is following all the rules necessary to meet USDA organic standards. Companies that handle or process organic food before it gets to your local supermarket or restaurant must be certified,