A forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue-violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop. It is widely cultivated and is increasing in popularity for human consumption due to its promotion as a dietary supplement. A source of Vitamins C, D, E, K and dietary fiber. Studies on canavanine, an amino acid analog in alfalfa, has demonstrated benefit for pancreatic, colon and leukemia cancers. Plant estrogens are also abundant in sprouts. They increase bone formation and density and prevent bone breakdown or osteoporosis. They are also helpful in controlling hot flashes, menopause, PMS and fibrocystic breasts tumors. Alfalfa sprouts are one of our finest food sources of another compound, Saponins. Saponins lower the bad cholesterol and fat but not the good HDL fats. Animal studies prove their benefit in arteriosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Saponins also stimulate the immune system by increasing the activity of natural killer cells such as T- lymphocytes and interferon.