ACACIA NILOTICA Acacia Gum - (Arabic Gum) (LINN.) All the gum-yielding Acacias exhibit the same habit and general appearance, differing only in technical characters. They are spiny shrubs or small trees, preferring sandy or sterile regions, with the climate dry during the greater part of the year. The gum harvest from the various species lasts about five weeks. About the middle of November, after the rainy season, it exudes spontaneously from the trunk and principal branches, but the flow is generally stimulated by incisions in the bark, a thin strip, 2 to 3 feet in length and 1 to 3 inches wide being torn off. In about fifteen days it thickens in the furrow down which it runs, hardening on exposure to the air, usually in the form of round or oval tears, about the size of a pigeon's egg, but sometimes in vermicular forms, white or red, according to whether the species is a white or red gum tree. About the middle of December, the Moors commence the harvesting. The masses of gum are collected, either while adhering to the bark, or after it falls to the ground, the entire product, often of various species, thus collected, is packed in baskets and very large sacks of tanned leather and brought on camels and bullocks to the centers of accumulation and then to the points of export, chiefly Suakin, Alexandria, or - in Senegambia - St. Louis. It is then known as 'Acacia sorts,' the term being equivalent to 'unsorted Acacia.' The unsorted gums show the widest variation as to size of fragments, whiteness, clearness, freedom from adhering matter, etc. It is next sorted or 'picked' in accordance with these differences. There are many kinds of Acacia Gum in commerce: Organic There are 4 ways Organic products are listed 1-100% Organic Must contain 100 percent organically produced ingredients, not counting added water and salt. Label must show an ingredient statement when the product consists of more than one ingredient. Show the name and address of the handler (bottler, distributor, importer, etc,) Certified organic by___â€� or similar phrase, followed by name of the Certifying agent. The USDA organic seal and/or certifying agent seal(s). 2-Organic Must contain 95 percent organic ingredients, not counting added water and salt. Must not contain added sulfites. May contain up to 5 % of: a. Nonorganically produced agricultural ingredients which are not commercially available in organic form; and/or b. Other substances allowed Show an ingredient statement List the organic ingredients as â€œorganicâ€� when other organic labeling is Shown. Water and salt included as ingredients must not be identified as organic. Show the name and address of the handler (bottler, distributor, importer, etc,) Certified organic by___â€� or similar phrase, followed by name of the Certifying agent. The USDA organic seal and/or certifying agent seal(s). 3-Made with Organic ingredients Must contain at least 70% organic ingredients, not counting added water and salt. Must not contain added sulfites; except for wine. May contain up to 30% of: a. Nonorganically produced agricultural ingredients and/or b. Other substances including yeast. 4-Most States has Define Organic independently And do not have to follow USDA rules. We found that most states do follow these guide lines Organic food is produced by farmers who emphasize the use of renewable resources and the conservation of soil and water to enhance environmental quality for future generations. Organic meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products come from animals that are given no antibiotics or growth hormones. Organic food is produced without using most conventional pesticides; fertilizers made with synthetic ingredients or sewage sludge; bioengineering; or ionizing radiation. Before a product can be labeled "organic," a Government-approved or state certifier inspects the farm where the food is grown to make sure the farmer is following all the rules necessary to meet USDA organic standards. Companies that handle or process organic food before it gets to your local supermarket or restaurant must be certified.