Foodfacts.com has learned that the body sweats in order to maintain proper body heat, and in the process, electrolytes are lost. The kidneys also conserve fluid and electrolytes by cutting back on urine production during dehydration. Water is essential for proper bodily function. Loss of water fact, after 4%, the capacity for muscular work declines, after 5% heat exhaustion, 7% hallucination, and after 10% you experience circulatory collapse and heat stroke. Sports drinks aren’t the only way to consume electrolytes. Eating a normal diet will provide the body with more than enough electrolytes needed for exercising and physical activity.
Comparison Between Different Types of Sports Drinks: Which Is Most Suitable
Sports drinks are beverages which are designed to help athletes to rehydrate, as well as restore electrolytes, carbohydrates, and other nutrients, which can be depleted after training or competition. Nowadays, sports drinks are gaining in popularity among people as they give an increase to the stamina level.
A sports drink is a beverage designed to help athletes rehydrate when fluids are depleted after training or competition. Electrolyte replacement promotes proper rehydration, which is important in delaying the onset of fatigue during exercise. As the primary fuel utilized by exercising muscle, carbohydrates are important in maintaining exercise and sport performance.
Most people assume that since sports drinks include the word sport in them, then it must be necessary to drink them when participating in any kind of workout or athletic activity. They must contain some special ingredients that increase an athlete’s performance, right? One of the reasons that sports drinks are so popular is the fact that they taste good.
Many manufacturers only add sugar, flavor and color to attract the consumer, even though the drink contains no electrolytes and is simply flavored water. The sugar and flavoring added to the water makes people want to drink more. The truth is, they do contain electrolytes, which are the substances that control osmosis in the body and help maintain the acid-base balance required for normal cellular activities.
There are three popular types of sports drinks:
* Isotonic – Isotonic sports drinks contain similar concentrations of salt and sugar as in the human body. Quickly replaces fluids lost by sweating and supplies a boost of carbohydrates; made for the average athlete. This drink is the choice for most athletes – middle and long distance running or team sports. Glucose is the body’s preferred source of energy therefore it may be appropriate to consume Isotonic drinks where the carbohydrate source is glucose in a concentration of 6% to 8%
* Hypotonic – Hypotonic sports drinks contain a lower concentration of salt and sugar than the human body. Quickly replaces fluid lost, and is best for low-perspiration athletes such as jockeys and gymnasts.
* Hypertonic – Hypertonic sports drinks contain a higher concentration of salt and sugar than the human body. Supplements daily carbohydrate intake after exercise to top current glycogen stores. This drink is used primarily for athletes such as long distance runners who need the extra carbohydrates and electrolytes. In ultra distance events, high levels of energy are required and Hypertonic drinks can be taken during exercise to meet the energy demands. If used during exercise Hypertonic drinks need to be used in conjunction with Isotonic drinks to replace fluids.
Most sports drinks are moderately isotonic, having between 4 and 5 heaped teaspoons of sugar per five ounce (13 and 19 grams per 250ml) serving. They never have a pH comparable to carbonated soft drinks. If you enjoy drinking sports drinks you may want to know that you can easily make them at a fraction of the cost. For a hypotonic drink, you can mix 100 ml of frozen orange juice concentrate, 1 liter of water and a pinch of salt. An isotonic drink is made of the same ingredients but you would use 200 ml of the frozen orange juice concentrate.
Sports Drinks Nutrition:
Typically, sports drinks supply about 15 to 18 grams of sugar in every 8-ounce serving. Sodium and potassium minerals help to keep a body hydrated however during a moderate workout, most people don’t become depleted either of mineral. Generally, sports drinks which are specifically marketed for recovery such as Gatorade contain protein additionally to carbohydrates and electrolytes.
Sometimes, sports drinks also contain an overlooked ingredient, flavoring. During playing of sports, sweating occurs which tends to cause loss of fluids and electrolytes minerals such as calcium, phosphate, magnesium, sodium and potassium, resulting in dehydration of body. Loss of fluid in the body can cause impaired performance and declined capacity for performing muscular work. Definitely, these sports drinks help to improve the performance level of an athlete by acting as energy booster.
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